As I have frequently stated there are only two genders from a scientific point of view, not only basic biological fact (such as DNA!!!!) but also language proves this point, which is not a surprise seeing as how language and biology in humans are intrinsically linked.
A journal article by Xiufang Xia stated:
“Though there are no specific rules that govern different gender to use different grammar, we can observe these differences in almost every language.”*
The article went on to state that women tended to use more agreeable language forms and less foul language in their interactions. Interestingly this would support Jordan Peterson’s understanding that women have a better agreeableness rating in their general leaning, a point on which I concur.
Further, “women and men may have different paralinguistic system and move and gesture differently” a point that can be seen with general gestures being understood to be predominantly masculine or feminine.
Men tend to push the status quo considerably more and are often more blunt in their language forms and more likely to ignore social hierarchy or employ dialects in spoken language. The gap between male and female did however decrease when the listener was known to the speaker or of an equal socio-economic rank.
Multiple sources do state that the gap between male and female speech forms are gradually lessening which may be due to a variety of social factors such as media and common speech forms becoming more standardised with dialects slowly being starved of speakers.
However, there are those who disagree. Deborah Cameron an Oxford language professor seems to view classification of male and female language differences as a myth. Others such as Dalia Masaitiené (Vytautus Magnus University) have found that while differences exist they may not be as prevalent or as profound as earlier in the century.
One area where I am concerned is that this conversation/debate happens at much higher frequency in Anglophone countries between Anglophones.
Many languages have very distinct language forms used by males and females with a failure to use the appropriate form being viewed as odd for speakers of either gender.
Consider Arabic, the lexicon is pronounced differently depending on the “gender” of the word, the gender of the speaker and also the gender of the person being addressed.
Korean uses different regional differences when the speaker is male or female and females tend to have a softer and rounder pronunciation on the ends of words. This is present even when a women is of a higher rank, with women who use such forms even during negotiation or argument being viewed as more frightening that women who “stoop” to the use of male forms. An example of this would be the Dean of the Nursing Department at my University who is extremely polite, but extremely forceful and considered to be one of the most frightening and strictest (but also fairest) professors in University.
Japanese has many outright male and female lexical entries or grammar forms.
The list of language that have gender differences is very long. The question is this based on “social construct” or on biology. The answer is probably both.
As I have clearly stated in the past “Females were found to have “relative to cerebrum size, greater cortical grey matter volume, larger volumes of regions associated with language functions (e.g. Broca's area) (...) and white matter involved in interhemispheric connectivity. The number of neurons per unit volume, in the planum temporal, was also greater in women than men”. The same research reported that “compared to women, men have been found to have larger volumes, relative to cerebrum size, or differences in neuronal densities in other limbic and paralimbic regions (i.e. amyg-dala) (...) and overall white matter volume.” (Goldstein 2001, 490-497). Hence, the actual predisposition for aptitude in certain skills may be greater within a certain gender based on brain structure, however, this would not define the gender as being restricted to any particular activity set, only potentially having physiological advantages.”
The scientific evidence is there, you are born with a male or female brain (the brain forms directly in unison with the biological sex while the foetus is still in the womb, i.e. : male body with female brain is a farce and plain pseudoscience). The basic wiring or set up of a brain is different and coinciding with biological sex and with the rest of the anatomy.
So, if you were born female, then you would have a female brain and this may give you an advantage in the area of language use, in addition, if you have the tendencies of the average female you are likely to be less aggressive in your language patterns than males, which may prove to be a significant advantage or disadvantage in a particular situation but would also depend on the language you speak.
*I recommend reading the original articles
Gender Differences in Using Language by Xiufang Xia
Male and female language in Cambridgeshire: differences and similarities by Anna-Liisa Vasko
Differences in Language use by Men and Women in Spoken Interaction by Dalia Masaitiené
Naudé, Alaric. 2018. “Theoretical Framework of Gender Equivalentism”. BROLLY. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 1 (1), 69-85. https://www.journals.lapub.co.uk/index.php/Brolly/article/view/26.